HdS Exhibition presents culture of home decoration in miniature
From rococo to post-modern: “Zeitgeist in doll’s houses” is the title of the new temporary exhibition which will open on 15th April at Haus der Seidenkultur (HdS) in Luisenstraße 15 in Krefeld. The exhibition presents the styles of various epochs in doll’s houses. Whether Biedermeier or art nouveau, whether Bauhaus style or “flower power”, miniature worlds reflect the lifestyle and zeitgeist of the different periods in history. “Culture of home decoration in miniature” describes in a nutshell Erika Schönhoff’s - a native of Krefeld - collecting activities over a thirty-year period. The 79-year-old is now presenting her “small contemporary testimonials” to a wider public in Krefeld for the first time.
“A very precise miniature depiction of reality can make cultural history and the culture of home decoration more easily comprehensible for children“, says Schönhoff, who is extremely familiar with the learning aptitude of young children from her teaching experience in junior schools. The exhibition therefore also includes a doll’s house which children can furnish themselves and get a feeling for the exhibits. For curator Ulrike Denter and her team the last few weeks have been quite challenging.
“A particularly light-handed touch was needed when positioning the extremely small parts”, says Denter. And: “Some doll’s houses consist of more than 100 individual parts”. Thanks to the professional instructions given by Erika Schönhoff whose son had taken photos of the different rooms from various angles, the HdS team was able to master the preparations admirably.
In the exhibition “Zeitgeist in doll’s houses”, many of the small details illustrate the technical progress in households over time. Dolls dressed according to the fashion of the day bring the history of lifestyle culture alive. One of the highlights: The interior of a church in which the small figures are carrying fabrics which were once produced in the Hubert Gotzes Weaving Factory – now HdS. “This was intended as a surprise for the museum’s chairman, Hansgeorg Hauser “ says Denter.
The history of the doll’s house begins in the year 1558, when the first known doll’s house was built for Duke Albrecht of Bavaria. The small work of art served purely as a decorative ornament. Other aristocrats and wealthy merchants took up this idea and had their mansions reconstructed in miniature in order to portray their wealth. Dolls illustrate exactly how each room was used in the magnificently designed doll’s houses. Right up to the 17th century doll’s houses were not regarded as toys but were used as visual teaching aids for children.
At the butcher’s in the 1960s
Shopping at the corner shop
In the living room in 1965
In the kitchen in the 1950s
HdS-photos: Christian van Doorn und Dieter Brenner
Nach ihrer Auflösung spendete „Sericaria“ dem Museum 4000 €
Im Haus der Seidenkultur traf sich jüngst der Club der Seidenleimer. Dahinter verbirgt sich die studentische Verbindung „Sericaria“, die ein Stück Krefelder Textilgeschichte geschrieben hat. Gegründet wurde die Verbindung 1913 als Verein der Weberschüler an der damaligen preußischen Höheren Fachschule für die Textilindustrie. Ihren Namen hat die Studentenbewegung vom Sericin abgeleitet, ein Protein, das die Seidenraupe bei der Produktion von Seide bildet. Jetzt hat sich die Verbindung aufgelöst.
Grund: Mit der Verlegung des Fachbereichs Textil- und Bekleidungstechnik der Fachhochschule Niederrhein nach Mönchengladbach war das Ende besiegelt. „Trotz vieler Bemühungen war es uns nicht möglich die Studenten zu unseren Kneipenabenden nach Krefeld zu holen,“ sagt Dipl. Ingenieur Dieter Blatt. Als Ehrenamtler im HdS hatte er jetzt Mitglieder der einstigen Verbindung zu einem Treffen ins Museum an der Luisenstraße geladen.
Dabei wurden alte Erinnerungen ausgetauscht. Die Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Weiterbildung und die Pflege der Geselligkeit gehörten mit zu den Aufgaben der Verbindung. „Vor allem aber war es uns wichtig, stets die Freundschaft auch zu Studenten anderer Nationen zu intensivieren“, sagt Blatt. Vor diesem Hintergrund wurde der Verein während der NS-Zeit verboten.
Bei der offiziellen Auflösung der „Sericaria“ stellte der Kassenwart fest, dass noch etwas über 4.000 Euro auf dem Konto waren. Wohin damit? „Im HdS kann es gut verwendet werden“, war der Vorschlag von Dieter Blatt. Und so fand jetzt im Museum eine Scheckübergabe statt. „Eine beachtliche Spende, die uns dabei hilft unsere Arbeit für Krefeld kontinuierlich fortzusetzen“, freut sich Museumschef Hans-Georg Hauser.
Dieter Blatt (links) und HdS-Vorstandsmitglied Ilka Neumann freuen sich über die Spende der Studentenverbindung „Sericaria“. Für ihren Museumsbesuch hatten die Textiler noch einmal ihre Couleurs angelegt. HdS-Foto: Brenner
Und das berichtete die Rheinische Post über dieses Ereignis. Bitte den Link anklicken.
Das die Bauhaus-Ära auch in Krefeld deutliche Spuren hinterlassen hat zeigt das WDR-Fernsehen in mehreren Beiträgen, die derzeit in der Samt- und Seidenstadt gedreht werden.
Das Staatliche Bauhaus wurde 1919 von Walter Gropius in Weimar als Kunstschule gegründet. Nach Art und Konzeption war es etwas völlig Neues, da das Bauhaus eine Zusammenführung von Kunst und Handwerk darstellte. In Krefeld wurde Bauhaus vor allem durch Mies van der Rohe geprägt, der als Architekt eine Vielzahl seiner Gebäude in der Weberstadt errichtete.
Drehort für die WDR-Produktion war auch das Haus der Seidenkultur (HdS). Im heutigen Museum an der Luisenstraße 15 wurde bereits 1868 eine Weberei errichtet, die 1908 Hubert Gotzes mit der gleichnamigen Paramentenweberei übernahm. „Daher gehört das Gebäude mit zu den Wiegen der Krefelder Textilgeschichte“, meinte WDR-Redakteur Helge Drafz, der mit einem Kamerateam derzeit in unserer Stadt unterwegs ist. Über den Termin der Ausstrahlung werden wir an dieser Stelle rechtzeitig berichten.
Einmal mehr war die WDR-Kamera auf Handwebmeister Günter Oehms gerichtet.
WDR-Redakteur Helge Drafz zeigt vor der Fernsehkamera im Museumsshop Seide aus Krefeld. Seidenschals und Krawatten sind mit den historischen Mustern, die einst in der Paramentenweberei verwebt wurden, käuflich zu erwerben.
Hansgeorg Hauser (photo) was once again re-elected as Chairman of the Association of Friends of Haus der Seidenkultur (HdS) at the annual general meeting. “Our annual balance sheet is very presentable”, said Hauser referring to some 5000 visitors last year. Hauser: “For our jewel in Luisenstrasse that is a substantial number”. Some 3000 of those visitors were part of booked groups who wanted to discover the “Town like Silk and Velvet” at the authentic location of the former Hubert Gotzes weaving factory for ecclesiastical textiles.
Hauser (79) is particularly proud that HdS is in the meantime indicated in the official town map of Krefeld and that there are signs in all the town car-parks depicting the historic loom. HdS is even depicted on the world map in the Silk Museum in Tiblisi (Georgia).
Antje Ditz was elected member of the committee to replace Klaus Drenk who retired. Ilka Neumann was re-elected as a member of the committee. The new auditor is Dieter Blatt. All elections and the approval of the actions of the committee members – were unanimous with the respective abstentions.
Hansgeorg Hauser Chairman
“Krefeld has the smallest loom in the world” was one of the headings in the Rheinische Post newspaper on 28th September. “This work of art was created by Rainer Bartelsheim and can now be seen at Haus der Seidenkultur (HdS)”, wrote the WZ newspaper on the same day. The gem is hardly larger than a packet of cigarettes and that makes it a sensation which is now on show in the museum in Luisenstraße 15. The museum is extremely proud to have received this donation. In the RP newspaper HdS press spokesman Dieter Brenner said: “This is our second unique attribute”. And: “The first is the fact that we have the only preserved Jacquard weaving workshop in Europe still at the authentic location”. WDR television also broadcast a report of the event in the programme “Lokalzeit”. After all, the smallest loom in the world is also mentioned in the Guiness Book of Records.
Haus der Seidenkultur (HdS) would welcome new volunteers to support its present team. “The different functions at our museum in Luisenstraße 15 are very varied”, says HdS spokesperson Dieter Brenner: “After all we offer our visitors a wide range of different options.”
In addition to the normal museums services, our volunteers provide guided tours for groups, prepare for seminars and are involved in the preparations and organisation of exhibitions. “Anyone who is interested in getting to the bottom of a topic, who has some technical skills and who is willing to tackle the task at hand can even be involved in the next exhibition”, says Brenner.
Even for a “Niederrheinische Kaffeetafel” – an added option to a guided tour – many helping hands are required to set the tables and serve the food and drinks. A friendly assistant is on hand in the museum shop to advise visitors when purchasing high-quality products such as silk scarves, waistcoats or neckties.
Anyone who takes pleasure in the former textile professions and can communicate this knowledge will certainly find and appropriate area for their own leisure-time pursuit at the former Hubert Gotzes parament weaving factory. The museum educationalists are also always on the look-out for new colleagues who enjoy working with children and young people.
“New volunteers are always very welcome and soon find their niche”, says chairman Hansgeorg Hauser, who underlines once more how important volunteers are for Haus der Seidenkultur: “Without such people, we would not be able to provide our cultural contribution for Krefeld!”
Manual weaver Günter Oehms is one of the oldest volunteers at Haus der Seidenkultur where he demonstrates weaving and prepares the looms. HdS
Following an initial media assessment, the film “Stadtspaziergang auf seidenen Pfaden” (Town Walk on the Silk Route) has been released for the public and is now available for purchase as a DVD at Haus der Seidenkultur.
The film – made in autumn 2015 in HD quality – relates the story of, amongst other things, the Mennonites in Krefeld and their significance for the “Town like Silk and Velvet”. And clergyman Christoph Wiebe explains the role played by the king of England in Krefeld town history.
In addition actors get their say, for example, Klaus Drenk representing Master Ponzelar in the film, who climbs down from his pedestal and walks through the town with his doffer boy singing the bobbin winders’ song. Town guide and scriptwriter Dieter Brenner comments on the highly contrasting action which in just under 20 minutes takes the viewer to numerous historical places and explains the history.
“Without the assistance of the Bayer Uerdingen Photo-Film Club we would not have been able to realise this production”, says Brenner who expressed thanks to the members of the Uerdingen Club for their technical support and for making available the recording equipment.
The film – which is certainly particularly suited for use in schools – can be purchased now for the price of 15 Euro as DVD in the Museum Haus der Seidenkultur in Luisenstraße 15.
Scene from the filming. In the centre Master Ponzelar with his doffer boy Elias. Right of picture town guide and scriptwriter Dieter Brenner. Photo: HdS
Here you can find what is on offer for children and young persons.
The programmes are specially designed for youngsters so that they can learn something for the future by visiting our museum.
Why not download our "Little Bobbins" programme and chose the right option for your children.
Great presseecho on the tribute to Pierre Cardin